Solid waste management related legislation: Analysis of its adequacy for implementation of extended producer responsibility schemes in Tanzania
Hussein Mohamed Omar, Saphy Lal Bullu
This study assesses the adequacy of the existing legislation for the implementation of Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) schemes in Tanzania. It is moved by the fact that The Environmental Management (Control and Management of Electrical and Electronic Equipment Waste) Regulations, 2021 ; The Environmental Management (Hazardous Waste Control and Management) Regulations, 2020; Electronic and Postal Communication (Electronic Communication Equipment Standards and E-waste Management), 2020 ; The Environmental Management (Solid Waste Management) Regulations, 2009  and Environmental Management Act, Cap 191, all have provisions that require the implementation of EPR schemes. However, there are inadequate efforts for the implementation of EPR schemes. The study is guided by the EPR policy instruments which include Product take-back mandate; Recycling targets; Advanced Disposal Fees (ADFs); Deposit Refund Scheme (DRS); Landfill restriction; and Information based Instrument. Questionnaires, observations, interviews, and documentary reviews formed the research data collection techniques. The study used descriptive analysis to analyze its variables. The findings show that the existing legislation is inadequately equipped to achieve the intended goals of the EPR principle. The applied instruments are mainly administrative and information-based. The economic instruments such as ADFs, ARFs, Material Tax, DRS and Regulations, and performance standards instruments are inadequately applied. The study recommends; the establishment of Specific EPR Regulations combining all EPR policy instruments such as Administrative; Economic, Regulatory, and Information-based instruments; clear selected waste categories, and a clear definition of producers in relation to the implementation of the EPR scheme.
Hussein Mohamed Omar, Saphy Lal Bullu. Solid waste management related legislation: Analysis of its adequacy for implementation of extended producer responsibility schemes in Tanzania. International Journal of Environmental and Ecology Research, Volume 4, Issue 3, 2022, Pages 28-34